PJM economics was founded in 2012 by Dr Paul Metcalfe to offer bespoke economic research and consultancy services to policy makers, regulators, and regulated businesses.
We are focused on the client’s need for robust evidence, communicated clearly and concisely. We understand that economics and econometrics can sometimes confuse rather than enlighten, and we make it our mission to prevent this from happening. The power of these tools can only be fully realised when accompanied by a clear and concise explanation of the methods, the assumptions on which they rely, and the way in which the results ought to be interpreted.
Dr Paul J. Metcalfe, Founding Director
|Paul has more than 16 years’ experience as a consultant and economic researcher. In that time he has completed dozens of projects, for clients in water, transport, environment, health and local government sectors. He has particularly strong experience in the water sector, where his clients have included DEFRA, the Environment Agency, UK Water Industry Research, Water UK, and most of the UK water companies. In addition to his consulting work, Paul is an honorary lecturer at City University, London, where he has taught the MSc course “Quantitative Techniques for Competition and Regulation”. Paul has an BSc in Economics from the University of Bristol, an MSc in Economics from the University of York, an MSc in Geography from the London School of Economics, and a PhD in Environmental Economics from the London School of Economics.Before founding PJM economics, Paul worked at NERA economic consulting in London, and at the Centre for Market and Public Organisation in Bristol.CV|
Dr Antara Sen, Consultant
|Antara Sen is an experienced economist specialising in environmental valuation and cost-benefit analysis. She has over seven years’ experience in valuation of non-market benefits and costs. Prior to joining PJM Economics, Antara worked as a Senior Research Associate at the Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment (CSERGE), University of East Anglia, Norwich.CV|
Dr Paulo Anciães, Research Associate
|Paulo has qualifications in Environmental Economics, Urban Geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS), and is specialized in the fields of transport planning, environmental valuation and sustainable development. He has conducted research for universities, independent research institutes, private companies and NGOs in the United Kingdom, Japan, Portugal and Armenia. His main research skills are quantitative, including multivariate statistics, econometrics, geographic information systems, spatial analysis and remote sensing.CV|
Dr Ali Chalak, Research Associate
|Dr. Chalak is an Associate Professor in Applied Economics at the American University of Beirut, Lebanon. His academic research focuses on alcohol control and harm reduction policy in Lebanon; commuters’ and motorists’ behaviour, modes of transport, and greenhouse gas emissions; adoption of conservation agriculture among farmers in Lebanon and the MENA and consumer demand for food products with safety or environmental labels and certificates. He is also actively engaged in independent consulting for the UK water industry, whereby he has been involved in a large number of willingness-to-pay studies in the context of PR14 and, currently, PR19. CV|
Ioanna Gkolemi, Research Associate
|Environmental economist with 12 years’ experience, primarily in the water and energy sector, 10 years of which have been with international engineering consultancies. She has carried out economic, environmental, development and market studies for various public and private organisations including the European Commission, the IFC, the UK Environment Agency and various UK-based water utilities.
She holds a MSc in Environmental Economics from the University of York (UK) and a BSc in Banking and Finance from the University of Piraeus (Greece). Her areas of expertise include economic appraisal, investment impact evaluation, environmental and resource economics, water economics, decision support analysis and market & supply chain analysis.CV
Dr Tanya O’Garra, Research Associate
|Tanya O’Garra has a PhD in Environmental Economics from Imperial College London. She has carried out economic valuation studies of hydrogen transport technologies in the UK, traditional fishing grounds in Fiji, climate change adaptation projects, and defluoridation water treatment plants in rural villages in India.
Tanya’s main area of interest is in applying behavioral and experimental economics approaches to the development of interventions aimed at motivating environmentally and socially optimal behavior across a range of cultural, institutional and natural resource management contexts.CV